Studies say genes are behind the reason some kids suffer more insect bites than others. According to research, the odor that we release is attractive to insects for genetic reasons. This finding could be the basis for developing new repellent products. But until that time, when it comes to stinging insect allergy Plainfield IL doctors say prevention is still the most effective way to avoid bites and stings.
One of the most common summer insect bites are mosquitoes. They usually fly low, bite during the day, and can get up close without detection. They can also produce extensive skin reactions, like inflammation, itching, and hives, especially in children.
Allergic Reactions Becoming More Common
Millions of people have allergic reactions to the bite of insects due to the poison they leave behind. When an insect stings, most of us experience minor symptoms such as redness and swelling in the bite. However, people who are allergic to the venom of the insect can suffer more serious reactions, like anaphylaxis, which is potentially fatal.
Understanding the differences in symptoms between a normal reaction and an allergic one is very important, because if a person has been diagnosed as allergic, treatment must be started immediately, and it’s necessary to carry the appropriate drugs to be administered after a sting.
The most serious symptoms are caused by five types of hymenopteran insects: bees, wasps, hornets, and fire ants.
The symptoms of allergies to insect bites can be mild or severe. They generally include redness, inflammation, itching, pain and feel hot. If you experience an allergic reaction to an insect bite, you are more likely to suffer this type of reaction. However, some people experience a more severe reaction that include urticaria, shortness of breath, dizziness, fever, swelling of the face, tongue or throat, wheezing, or a racing pulse.
To avoid going into shock or cardiac arrest, allergy sufferers should carry an injectable epinephrine (EPI) pen, and if one isn’t available, seek medical attention immediately.
Diagnosing an Allergy
Allergies should be diagnosed by an allergist, a specialized professional with training to determine the causes of the symptoms and decide if you are allergic or have suffered isolated symptoms. Allergy tests and the study of your history will determine an accurate diagnosis.
One of the tests to be performed is a blood test: the allergy to insect bites is confirmed by the measurement of allergen-specific antibody in the blood.
Treating Insect Bites
Allergic reactions to insect bites can be prevented with vaccines. This treatment consists in injecting increasing doses of the insect’s venom so that it encourages the immune system to become resistant to venom over time, and to the symptoms of these allergies.
Among the recommended tips to manage these types of allergies, the most important thing is to avoid contact with insects. Have a pest control company spray for insects, and when outdoors avoid wearing loose clothing.